After devastating earthquakes in spring 2015 Nepal needs support - not only emergency relief but to reconstruction that will last for several years. The challenges of reconstruction and the strong need for support are apparent in Nepal – in the development policy and in everyday life.
Nepal is a long term development partner with Finland. Besides the development cooperation Finland has supported Nepal in emergency relief after the earthquakes and the support continues to reconstruction.
7.8 magnitude earthquake hit Nepal in April 2015 followed by 7.3 magnitude aftershock in May 2015. In the earthquakes nearly 9000 people lost their lives, more than 600 000 houses were destroyed and another 290 000 houses were damaged.
It is estimated that the earthquakes left destruction of 7 billion dollars and up to 700 000 people are estimated to go under the poverty line due to the catastrophe.
In the phase of emergency relief two million euros were channeled through Finnish NGOs: Finnish Church Aid, Finnish Red Cross and Save the Children. One million euros were given through UN organizations: World Health Organization (WHO) and Unicef.
To support reconstruction in Nepal, Finland is committed to give two million euros. One million euro will be channeled through Unicef to reconstruct school and community drinking water systems. This support will be implemented in 2016 and it is targeted to four districts (Dolakha, Gorkha, Kavre and Nuwakot). The decision on the use of the other million will be made later.
In addition to the direct support to reconstruction, Finland also has development cooperation in the districts that were affected in the earthquake.
For example by supporting the education sector Finland is promoting children's school attendance in very demanding conditions for example by building new and safer classrooms.