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History - Embassy of Finland, Kathmandu : Embassy : History


Bishalnagar, G.P.O. Box 2126
Kathmandu, Nepal
Tel. +977-1-4417 221, 4416 636
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Establishing Diplomatic Relations

The question of establishing diplomatic relations between Finland and Nepal was brought up for the first time in 1969, during the tenure of H.E. Mr. Wilhelm Schreck, who served as the Finnish Ambassador to India 19681974. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland was not too keen on the idea, as the Finnish Ambassador in New Delhi was already accredited to four other countries and another one might just be too many.

Five years later, in February 1974, Ambassador Schreck reminded the Ministry that Finland was the only Scandinavian country in New Delhi that was not also accredited to Kathmandu. In April, 1974, the then Nepalese Ambassador to India told Ambassador Schreck that Nepal would appreciate it, if Finland would take up the question of diplomatic relations between the two countries. Nepal's reply would be positive. He added that he was speaking for himself, not for the Government of Nepal, and requested that Mr. Schreck would forward this to Finland.

The Communiqué

The Parliament of Finland passed the bill concerning the diplomatic relations in late June and practical matters were agreed upon in July of the same year, in New Delhi. The bill was introduced to the President of Finland on the 30th of August, 1974, and the exchange of notes took place on the 9th of September. The communiqué, stating that the diplomatic relations between the two countries would come to effect as of the 21st of September, 1974, was to be released on the 20th of the same month.

The First Ambassadors

The first Ambassador of His Majesty's Government of Nepal to Finland, H.E. Mr. Kiran Shumshere J.B. Rana, was accredited in May, 1975, from the United Kingdom and the first Ambassador of the Republic of Finland to Nepal, H.E. Ms. Brita Örö, was accredited on the 21st of November, 1975, from India.

Setting up the Embassy

Development co-operation with Nepal had started already in 1982, but as it grew more significant, especially in the fields of forestry, energy and telecommunications and later on water and sanitation, it became necessary to have the Finnish Embassy, in situ in Kathmandu, to deal with the administration of these projects. The Embassy, headed by Chargé d'Affaires a.i. was established in September, 1992, with the Ambassador stationed in New Delhi.

Upgrading the status of the Finnish Embassy to a full-fledged Embassy headed by an Ambassador

After the civil war ended in Nepal in 2006, cooperation between Finland and Nepal and the Finnish development financing for Nepal have steadily increased. For further promoting the bilateral relations, the status of the Finnish Embassy in Kathmandu was upgraded as to a full-fledged Embassy headed by an Ambassador in 2011.

High Level Official Visits

1989    King and Queen of Nepal in Finland

1991    Foreign Minister of Finland Pertti Paasio in Nepal

1993    Prime Minister of Nepal Girija Prasad Koirala in Finland

1994    Minister for Development of Finland Toimi Kankaanniemi in Nepal

2001    Foreign Minister of Nepal Chakara Prasad Bastola in Finland

2001    Minister for Development of Finland Satu Hassi in Nepal

2001    Finance Minister of Nepal Ram Sharan Mahat in Finland

2007    Under-Secretary of State of Finland Marjatta Rasi in Nepal

2008    Finance Minister of Nepal Ram Sharan Mahat in Finland

2009    Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Paavo Väyrynen in Nepal

2009    Prime Minister of Nepal Puspa Kamal Dahal 'Prachanda' in Finland

2010    Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Nepal Sujata Koirala in Finland

2011    Minister for International Development Heidi Hautala in Nepal

Heads of Mission since the Beginning

Chargé d'Affaires of Finland in Nepal

Kalevi Ahti, Chargé d'Affaires, 19921996
Esa Hurtig, Chargé d'Affaires, 19962000
Asko Luukkainen, Chargé d'Affaires, 20002004
Pauli Mustonen, Chargé d'Affaires, 20042006
Kari Karanko, Chargé d'Affaires, 20062007
Pirkko-Liisa Kyöstilä, Chargé d'Affaires, 20072011

Ambassadors of Finland to Nepal

Brita (Riitta) Orö, Ambassador (New Delhi) 19751979
Risto Hyvärinen, Ambassador (New Delhi) 19801984
Jan Groop, Ambassador (New Delhi) 19841988
Jyrki Aimonen, Ambassador(New Delhi) 19881991
Marjatta Rasi, Ambassador (New Delhi) 19911995
Benjamin Bassin, Ambassador (New Delhi) 19952001
Glen Lindholm, Ambassador (New Delhi) 20012005
Asko Numminen, Ambassador (New Delhi) 20052009
Terhi Hakala, Ambassador (New Delhi) 20092011
Asko Luukkainen, Ambassador (Kathmandu) 20112015
Jorma Suvanto, Ambassador (Kathmandu) 2015–2018

Pertti Anttinen, Ambassador (Kathmandu) 2018-

Ambassadors of Nepal to Finland

Kiran Shumshere J.B. Rana, Ambassador (London) 19751977
Jharendra N. Singha, Ambassador (London) 19801983
Ishwari Raj Pandey, Ambassador (London) 19841987
Bharat Kesher Simha, Ambassador (London) 19881992
Surya Prasad Shrestha, Ambassador (London) 19931996
Singha B. Basnyat, Ambassador (London) 19972003
Prabal S.J.B. Rana, Ambassador (London) 20032006
Vijay Kant Karna, Ambassador (Copenhagen) 20082012
Makti Nath Bhatta, Ambassador (Copenhagen) 2012–

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Updated 11/29/2018

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